Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of your brain. The surplus fluid enlarges the ventricles, which adds pressure on the brain. Cerebrospinal fluid usually passes through the ventricles to the brain and spinal cord. However, the enlarged ventricles and increased pressure of excess fluid can cause brain damage.
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Progressive supranuclear palsy is the deterioration of brain cells that manage coordination, balance, body control, mental ability, and other critical functions that impact health and quality of life. This condition is also referred to as Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome.
Each part of the condition’s name describes the nature of the disease. Progressive means that the conditions gets worse across time. Supranuclear indicates the areas of your brain affected by the condition. Palsy indicates that the condition weakens muscles.
Pseudotumor cerebri is a brain condition that causes increased pressure on the optic nerve and brain. Pseudotumor cerebri is also referred to as idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and pseudotumor cerebri syndrome.
Syringomyelia is a condition that causes fluid-filled cysts to form on the spinal cord. These cysts can get bigger and damage your spinal cord. Syringomyelia is also known as spinal syrinx, syringohydromyelia, hydromyelia, or Morvan disease.
Transverse myelitis is when a single section of your spinal cord gets inflamed on both sides. Transverse myelitis is a progressive neurological disease that harms the protective covering of nerve cell fibers. These fibers are called myelin. The condition changes how the spinal cord sends and receives sensory messages between your brain and body.